Osteoporosis (meaning “bone” and “porous”) should be screened for regularly.
Osteoporosis is a condition that occurs when bones become more brittle after estrogen is no longer produced by your body. Estrogen helps to keep bones strong, but with a loss in bone density, bone marrow becomes more spaced out than the normal honeycomb shape that comprises healthy bones. (See the picture below)
One in two women will break a bone due to osteoporosis, and one in four men will suffer the same. Fortunately, there are ways to lessen your risk for osteoporosis later in life. Exercising regularly, abstaining from smoking, and eating a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium are all excellent practices.
After age 65, your doctor will likely test your bone density during your checkups.
For further reading, see hormone.org’s Q&A on menopause bone loss.